VESID - General Information Including Eligibility
Definitions: VESID - General Information Including Eligibility
What is VESID?

The Office of Vocational and Educational Services for Individuals with Disabilities provides the opportunity each year for thousands of disabled New Yorkers to become independent through employment. VESID is an office of the New York State Education Department. We provide services to eligible individuals to prepare them for suitable jobs. We also help people with disabilities who are having difficulty keeping their jobs.

For more information, visit the VESID web site at:

Eligibility for NYS VESID
To be eligible for VESID services, an individual must have a physical, mental, emotional, or learning disability that interferes with their ability to work. There must also be a reasonable chance that the individual will become gainfully employed if he/she receives rehabilitation services.
Eligibility for services is determined by a review of the individual's medical records, and in some cases, by new medical and vocational evaluations.

Diagnostic Vocational Evaluation (DVE)
A general evaluation which is frequently authorized by VESID counselors to determine an individual's eligibility for services, vocational needs, and to plan rehabilitation services. Typically, an individual will receive a combination of standardized tests, situational tryouts in one or more training sites, and in some cases, some medical, allied health, or psychological evaluation. Outcome is usually entrance into Personal Adjustment Training, Work Adjustment Training, Specialized Vocational Training, other Special Programs, or may include referral to a non-vocational program provided by another state agency or to another educational or skill program such as a junior college or trades/business school as appropriate.

Personal Adjustment Training (PAT)
A training program which usually leads to sheltered employment. PAT is almost always provided within a sheltered employment situation for individuals for whom VESID counselors feel that competitive employment is unlikely for the immediate future. Program duration is usually no more than six months. Outcome is usually sheltered employment, supported employment, referral for Work Adjustment Training, or other training opportunity.

Work Adjustment Training (WAT)
A training program which usually leads to supported or competitive employment in the community. WAT programs can be a general training program in a rehabilitation facility utilizing a variety of program settings including workshop and food services and/or building maintenance as a means to providing some broad skills from which employment can be selected. Increasingly, programs include training experiences in not-for-profit and for-profit settings in which trainees may experience more choices of work experience while receiving support and coaching from the rehabilitation center. In some cases, trainees may spend all of their WAT time in a specific occupational area (i.e. food services) when that area corresponds to their vocational goal.

Job Coaching
Job Coaching refers to the training of a supported employee by an approved specialist, who uses structured intervention techniques to help the supported employee learn to perform job tasks to the employer's specifications and to learn the interpersonal skills necessary to be accepted as a worker at the job site and in related community contacts. In addition to job-site training, job coaching includes related assessments, job development, counseling, advocacy, travel training, and other services needed to maintain the employment of a supported employee. Job coaching may occur at the place of employment of the supported worker or at another appropriate location in the community.

Supported Employment (SE)
Supported Employment is paid competitive employment that offers ongoing support services in integrated settings for individuals with the most severe disabilities. Supported employment is intended for individuals for whom competitive employment has not traditionally occurred or has been interrupted or intermittent as a result of a most severe disability. This employment outcome is obtained by providing intensive services and sustained through the provision of extended services. The level of employment participation may be full or part-time, based upon the interests and abilities of the individual.

Supplemental Security Income (SSI)
Supplemental Security Income is a federally administered income assistance program authorized by Title XVI of the United States Social Security Act. SSI provides monthly cash payments in accordance with uniform nationwide eligibility requirements to needy, aged, blind, and disabled persons. Cash payments are received on the first of the month. To qualify as a blind or disabled recipient, the person must meet the definition of disability or blindness and also meet certain income and resource limits.

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
Social Security Disability Insurance is the Title II program of the United States Social Security Administration which provides monthly cash benefits for workers under age 65 who become disabled. The beneficiary's cash benefit is related to the past earnings and the length of employment of the insured worker. Cash benefits are received on the 3rd of the month.

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